Both of you decide to bring a baby after enjoying your married life for a few years. You make a plan for this and stick to it. As per your plan, both of you make intimate physical relationships without any protection. You sex frequently at the right time so that you can start your parenthood journey. You decide to visit the best fertility centre in Bangalore when your unprotected frequent sex doesn’t make your female partner become pregnant. At the centre, a fertility specialist confirms that your zero sperm is the primary reason behind your failure of being parents.
Zero sperm or low sperm count means you have azoospermia, which is of three types:
- Testicular azoospermia – Due to a groyne injury, infection in the reproductive tract, cancer treatments such as radiation, etc. your testicles have damages. Hence, your body is unable to make semen.
- Post-testicular azoospermia – There is enough production or sperm in testicles, but it doesn’t get out of your body through penis. Something keeps it on hold.
The first thing that you should do after knowing zero sperm is to have a few frequent semen analysis, including sperm count. It is, as the test results differ from one test to another and one lab to another. For better and reliable results, you should get your semen analysis done at the lab that has highly educated, skilled, and experienced pathologists. And the lab must be reliable. Here are more on what you should do when your sperm is zero:
Know the causes
In most cases, it is not clear what makes you have a low sperm count or zero sperm. Sometimes, you may have zero or low sperm due to:
- A hormone imbalance like hypogonadism
- A genetic problem, Klinefelter syndrome
- Having had undescended testicles in childhood
- A structural problem – injury, illness, or blockage
- Previous surgery to the testicles or hernia repairs
- A genital infection such as gonorrhoea, chlamydia or prostatitis
- Excessive alcohol consumption, using drugs (marijuana and cocaine), and smoking
- Certain medications, cancer medications (chemotherapy), long-term anabolic steroid use, some antidepressants, and some antibiotics
- being overweight or obese
- Heavy metal exposure
- X-Rays or radiation
- Industrial chemicals
- Overheating of testicles
Explore treatment options with your doctor
After confirmation of zero sperm, you should talk to your doctor about probable and effective treatment options. Based on your semen analysis, physical examination, and the held interaction with you, the doctor can advise you following treatments:
- Surgery – A doctor recommends a respective surgery for the correction of varicocele and the repair of an obstructed vas deferens.
- Treating infection – You may take the prescribed antibiotics to treat your reproductive tract infection.
- Hormone medications & treatments – You might have hormone replacements or medicines if your zero or low sperm is due to hormonal imbalances.
- STIs treatment – If being highly active in your sexual life has caused you to have STIs or any other sexual problems, your doctor will refer you to a sexologist/sex therapist. With medicines and other options, you will cure your erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation, STIs, and allied problems.
- ART – Your doctor may ask you for male infertility treatments such as MESA, PESA, TESA, MTESE, and Semen Processing. In rare cases, your doctor will ask your female partner to be a mother through IVF, ICSI, IUI, and surrogacy.
Change your lifestyle
After knowing the probable causes of your zero sperm or low sperm, you have an idea what can make you have it. Your lifestyle also plays a crucial role in having zero sperm. To get well and boost your fertility, you should make a few changes in your lifestyle. Here are a few steps in this regard:
- Avoid metal and radiation exposure
- Limit your alcohol consumption, smoking, and drugs like coakin. If possible, say NO to all these
- Avoid activities that can make you have an injury to your reproductive organ
- Have unprotected sex frequently in case of low sperm count
- Eat black seed and take supplements of folic acid and zinc
Hazing zero sperm or low sperm count doesn’t mean you can’t be a father or make your female partner pregnant. First of all, you should educate yourself and consult a respective doctor. By following your doctor’s instructions, you can get rid of this reproductive health problem.